Word order IV (summary table)

Summary

This table is about the normal (“neutral”) word order in case of different types of sentences:

type of sentence word order Hungarian English translation
simple affirmative sentence 1. subject 2. time adverb 3. object 4. verb 5. adverb of place Júlia délután levelet ír a nappaliban. Julia writes a letter in the living room afternoon.
yes-no question same as affirmative sentence Júlia délután levelet ír a nappaliban? Does Julia write a letter in the living room afternoon?
open question 1. interrogative word 2. verb 3. object 4. subject 5. adverbs of place and time Mikor ír levelet Júlia a nappaliban? When does Julia write a letter in the living room?
negation 1. subject  2. nem 3. verb 4.object 5. adverbs of place and time Júlia nem ír levelet a nappaliban délután. Julia doesn’t write a letter in the living room afternoon.
coverb 1. subject 2. time adverb 3. coverb+verb 4. object 5. adverb of place Júlia délután megírja a levelet a nappaliban. Julia writes the letter in the living room afternoon.
open question + coverb 1. interrogative word 2. verb 3. coverb 4. object 5. subject 6. adverbs of place and time Mikor írja meg a levelet Júlia a nappaliban? When does Julia write the letter in the living room?
negation + coverb 1. subject 2. nem 3. verb 4. coverb 5. object 6. adverb of place and time Júlia nem írja meg a levelet a nappaliban délután. Julia doesn’t write a letter in the living room afternoon.
auxiliary 1. subject 2. time adverb 3. object 4. auxiliary 5. infinitive 6. adverb of place Júlia délután levelet akar írni a nappaliban. Julia wants to write a letter in the living room afternoon.
auxiliary, lack of object 1. subject 2. time adverb 3. infinitive 4. auxiliary 5. adverb of place Júlia délután írni akar a nappaliban. Julia wants to write in the living room afternoon.
auxiliary + negation 1. subject 2. nem 3. auxiliary 4. object 5. infinitive 6. adverb of place and time Júlia nem akar levelet írni a nappaliban délután. Julia doesn’t want to write a letter in the living room afternoon.
auxiliary + coverb 1. subject 2. time adverb 3. coverb 4. auxiliary 5. infinitive 6. object 7. adverb of place Júlia délután meg akarja írni a levelet a nappaliban. Julia wants to write the letter in the living room afternoon.
auxiliary + negation + coverb 1. subject 2. nem 3. auxiliary 4. coverb+infinitive 5. object 6. adverb of place and time Júlia nem akarja megírni a levelet a nappaliban délután. Julia doesn’t want to write the letter in the living room afternoon.
auxiliary + open quesion 1. interrogative word 2. auxiliary 3. object 4. infinitive 5. subject 6. adverbs of place and time Mikor akar levelet írni Júlia a nappaliban? When does Julia want to write a letter in the living room?
auxiliary + coverb + open question 1. interrogative word 2. auxiliary 3. coverb+infinitive 4. object 5. subject 6. adverbs of place and time Mikor akarja megírni a levelet Júlia a nappaliban? When does Julia want to write the letter in the living room?

The same table, other layout:

affirmative + yes-no question negation open question
simple 1. subject 2. time adverb 3. object 4. verb 5. adverb of place 1. subject  2. nem 3. verb 4.object 5. adverbs of place and time 1. interrogative word 2. verb 3. object 4. subject 5. adverbs of place and time
coverb 1. subject 2. time adverb 3. coverb+verb 4. object 5. adverb of place 1. subject 2. nem 3. verb 4. coverb 5. object 6. adverb of place and time 1. interrogative word 2. verb 3. coverb 4. object 5. subject 6. adverbs of place and time
auxiliary 1. subject 2. time adverb 3. object 4. auxiliary 5. infinitive 6. adverb of place 1. subject 2. nem 3. auxiliary 4. object 5. infinitive 6. adverb of place and time 1. interrogative word 2. auxiliary 3. object 4. infinitive 5. subject 6. adverbs of place and time
coverb + auxiliary 1. subject 2. time adverb 3. coverb 4. auxiliary 5. infinitive 6. object 7. adverb of place 1. subject 2. nem 3. auxiliary 4. coverb+infinitive 5. object 6. adverb of place and time 1. interrogative word 2. auxiliary 3. coverb+infinitive 4. object 5. subject 6. adverbs of place and time

see Word order I (general explanation, affirmative sentences, what is inflexible)
see Word order II (open questions, negative sentences)
see Word order III (coverbs, auxiliaries, etc. in the sentence)

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