Personal pronouns II (possessive and reflexive forms)

Possessive forms

Possessive Determiners (my, your, his, her, etc.) have the same form as the Nominative form of the personal pronouns (I, you, he, she, etc.), except for Plurar 3rd person, of which form equals to the Singular 3rd person form (ő). The usage of Possessive Determiners isn’t necessary in Hungarian because the Possessive Affices clearly define the possessor. So we use Possessive Determiners only when we want to emphasize the possessor.

formal you
S/1 S/2 S/3 P/1 P/2 P/3 S/3 P/3
Nominative én (I) te (you) ő (he/she) mi (we) ti (you) ők (they)   ön (you) önök (you)
Possessive Determiner singular & plurar én (my) te (your) ő (his/her) mi (our) ti (your) ő (their)   ön (your) önök (your)
Possessive Pronoun singular enyém (mine) tied (yours) övé (his/hers) mienk (ours) tietek (yours) övék (theirs)   öné (yours) önöké (yours)
plurar enyéim (mine) tieid (yours) övéi (his/hers) mieink (ours) tieitek (yours) övéik (theirs)   önéi (yours) önökéi (yours)

note: Some Possessive Pronouns can be used with and without accent (S/2, P/1, P/2): tied/tiéd, mienk/miénk, tietek/tiétek, tieid/tiéid, mieink/miéink, tieitek/tiéitek

Important that in 3rd person (let it be the real 3rd person or the formal you) the plurar is signed only once; either on the Possessive Determiner or on the noun that it applies. In case of the real 3rd person, the Possessive Determiner keeps the singular form and the plurar is denoted by the plurar form of the possessive affix. On the other hand in case of formal you, the Possessive Determiner is put to plurar, however the possessive affix keeps being in singular.

(ez az) ő háza (this is) his/her house
(ez az) ő házuk (this is) their house
(ez az) ön háza (this is) your house
(ez az) önök háza (this is) you all’s house

The same happens when the possessed object is put to plurar:

(ezek az) ő házai (these are) his/her houses
(ezek az) ő házaik (these are) their houses
(ezek az) ön házai (these are) your houses
(ezek az) önök házai (these are) you all’s houses

In case of Possessive Pronouns – unlike in English – we distinguish ones that apply for singular nouns and ones that apply for plurar nouns. Let’s see two examples, first case let the possessor be Singular 1st person, second case let the possessor be Plurar 3rd person. Both cases let’s see how English and Hungarian languages form the plurar of the possessed object.

ez a ház az enyém this house is mine possessor: S/1
possessed: S
ezek a házak az enyéim these houses are mine possessor: S/1
possessed: P
ez a ház az övék this house is theirs possessor: P/3
possessed: S
ezek a házak az övéik these houses are theirs possessor: P/3
possessed: P

Reflexive forms

In English the Reflexive form of the Personal Pronouns have only one form. In Hungarian Reflexive Pronouns can be put to different grammatical cases:

S/1 S/2 S/3 P/1 P/2 P/3 S/3 P/3
Reflexive Accusative magamat (myself) magadat (yourself) magát (himself/herself) magunkat (ourselves) magatokat (yourselves) magukat (themselves)   magát (yourself) magukat (yourselves)
Reflexive Dative magamnak (for myself) magadnak (for yourself) magának (for him/herself) magunknak (for ourselves) magatoknak (for yourselves) maguknak (for themselves)   magának (for yourself) maguknak (for yourselves)
etc.…

examples:

szereti magát he/she loves him/herself
nézed magadat a tükörben you watch yourself in the mirror
vettem magamnak egy házat I’ve bought a house for myself

see: Personal Pronouns I (grammatical cases)

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: